Schema Therapy was founded by Jeffrey Young who noticed that many of the clients he saw with more long-term, complex problems were not responding to Cognitive Behavioural Therapy. Schema Therapy has a strong focus on experiential and emotional strategies; utilising approaches from other therapies such as Gestalt therapy and psychoanalytic approaches. Schema therapy is based on a belief that clients have been unable to effectively get their emotional needs met due to developing unhelpful patterns of thinking and seeing the world (maladaptive schemas). The schema therapist therefore takes an approach known as ‘limited reparenting’ which involves using the relationship with the therapist as a means to teach the client skills to better regulate their emotions and getting their needs met in their life and relationships.
More information: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schema_Therapy